WMO Releases “State of the Global Climate Report 2020”



  • 温度:2020 was one of the three warmest years on record, despite a coolingLaNiña。另外两个最温暖的岁月是2016年和2019年。
    • Moreover, the six years since 2015一直是最温暖的记录。此外,2011-2020是最温暖的记录十年。
  • Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic:与Covid-19相结合的极端天气是2020万人的双重打击。然而,大流行相关的经济放缓未能减缓气候变化及其影响。
  • Greenhouse Gases:Concentrations of the major greenhouse gases continued to increase in 2019 and 2020 despite a temporary reduction in emissions in 2020 due to the COVID-19 response.
  • Oceans:2020年,海洋在记录中具有最高的热量。超过80%的海洋服务区在2020年经历了至少一个海洋热浪。
  • 海平面上升:由于冰盖的熔化增加,海平面最近升高了较高的速度。
  • 北极地区:在2020年,北极海冰范围截至第二最低点。
  • Antarctica Region:自20世纪90年代后期以来,南极冰盖表现出强烈的大规模损失趋势。这一趋势大约2005年加速了。
Findings Related to India:
  • India experiencedone of its wettest monsoons since 1994, with a seasonal surplus of 9% that led to severe floods and landslides.
  • Cyclone Amphanwhich hit Kolkata in May 2020 was the costliest tropical cyclone for the North Indian Ocean region. It brought about an estimated loss of USD 14 billion.
  • WMOis an intergovernmental organization established by the ratification of the WMO Convention in 1950.
  • 起源:WMO起源于1873年维也纳国际气象大会后建立的国际气象组织(IMO)。
  • 会员:193 Member States and Territories. India is one of the members.
  • Significance:它是联合国(联合国)的专门机构。
  • Headquarters:日内瓦,瑞士。