Practicing UPSC Previous Year’s questions, be it Prelims or Mains, is a must for clearing Examination. It provides a clear idea of the trends and types of questions asked in the examination by UPSC.
关于问题银行In this section, we are providing you with previous year's questions of UPSC MAINS GS-1 including History, Society and geography from the year 2013 to 2019.You can write down your answers in the links provided below every question and peer review them. More you write, better you get in answer writing.
For Mains Marathon Question Bank –点击这里
- World History
- Society and aspects
a)Discuss the Tandava dance as recorded in the early Indian inscriptions. (5 marks- 100 words.)
b)Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss. (5 marks- 100 words.)
Taxila university was one of the oldest universities of the world with which were associated a number of renowned learned personalities of different disciplines. Its strategic location caused its fame to flourish, but unlike Nalanda, it is not considered as a university in the modern sense. Discuss.
The ancient civilization in Indian sub continent differed from those of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without breakdown to the present day. Comment (12.5M)
Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives, successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. Elucidate.
Safeguarding the Indian art heritage is the need of the moment. Comment (10)
突出了中亚和希腊大夏的避署ments in the Gandhara art. (150 Words 10 Marks)
Sufis and medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Hindu / Muslim societies to any appreciable extent. Comment.
The Bhakti movement received a remarkable re-orientation with the advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Discuss. (15)
Defying the barriers of age, gender, and religion, the Indian women became the torchbearer during the struggle for freedom in India. Discuss. (10 marks-200 words).
In many ways, Lord Dalhousie was the founder of modern India. Elaborate. 10 marks-200 words
Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan movements initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success. 10 marks-200 words.
The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat?
Examine critically the various facets of economic policies of the British in India from the mid-eighteenth century till independence.
In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India?
What were the major political, economic, and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India?
How difficult would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.
Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B R Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden. Elucidate. (12.5M)
It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years, but its experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Discuss. (12.5M)
Explain how the upraising of 1857 constitutes an important watershed in the evolution of British policies towards colonial India.
Discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.
Highlight the differences in the approach of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for freedom.
澄清18世纪中期印度是怎样的困扰with the spectre of a fragmented polity. (150 words)
Why did the ‘Moderates’ failed to carry conviction with the nation about their proclaimed ideology and political goals by the end of the nineteenth century? (150 words)
Assess the importance of the accounts of the Chinese and Arab travellers in the reconstruction of the history of India. (10)
Why indentured labour was taken by the British from India to their colonies? have they been able to preserve their cultural identity over there? (15)
The 1857 uprising was the culmination of the recurrent, big and small local rebellions that had occurred in the preceding hundred years of British rule. Elucidate.(150 words 10 marks)
Many voices had strengthened and enriched the nationalist movement during the Gandhian phase. Elaborate.（250字15 marks)
写下关于口号“Jai Jawana jai Kisan”的演变和意义的关键记录。10标记-200字。
Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post independent India. 10 marks-200 words.
What are the two major legal initiatives by the State since Independence addressing discrimination against Scheduled Tribes (STs)? (150 words)
“Latecomer” Industrial revolution in Japan involved certain factors that were markedly different from what the west had the experience. 10 marks-200 words.
American Revolution was an economic revolt against mercantilism. Substantiate. 10 marks-200 words.
What were the events that led to the Suez Crisis in 1956? How did it deal a final blow to Britain’s self-image as a world power?
新的经济政策 - 1921年列宁在独立后尽快影响了印度通过的政策。评估。
Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. How does it compare with that in India at present times?
To what extend can Germany be held responsible for causing the two World Wars? Discuss critically.
What problems are germane to the decolonization process in the Malay Peninsula? (150 words)
Discussion the various social problems which originated out of the speedy process of urbanization in India. 10 marks-200 words.
Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s organization free from gender bias. Comment. 10 marks-200 words.
Critically examine the effects of globalization on the aged population in India. 10 marks-200 words.
Growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state. Discuss. 10 marks-200 words
How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle class working woman in India?
Why do some of the most prosperous regions of India have an adverse sex ratio for women? Give your arguments.
The life cycle of a joint family depends on economic factors rather than social values. Discuss
Discuss the various economic and socio-cultural forces that are driving increasing feminization of agriculture in India.
With a brief background of quality of urban life in India, introduce the objectives and strategy of the ‘Smart City Programme.”
Distinguish between religiousness/religiosity and communalism giving one example of how the former has got transformed into the latter in independent India. (250 words)
“Caste system is assuming new identities and associational forms. Hence, caste system cannot be eradicated in India.” Comment. (10)
How the Indian concept of secularism different from the western model of secularism? Discuss. (10)
‘Globalisation is generally said to promote cultural homogenisation but due to this cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian society.’ Elucidate.
（一种）What do you understand by the theory of continental drift? Discuss the prominent evidences in its support. 5 marks 100 words
（一种）Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of the world. 5 marks 100 words.
a)Bring out the causes for more frequent landslides in the Himalayas than in the Western Ghats. 5 marks 100 words.
（b）There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghat. Why? 5 marks 100 words.
a)Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in the Southern states of India? Discuss with justification. 5 marks 100 words.
（b）Analyse the factors for the highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India. 5 marks 100 words
Bring out the relationship between the shrinking Himalayan glaciers and the symptoms of climate change in the Indian sub-continent.
Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water?
Account for the change in the spatial pattern of the Iron and Steel industry in the world.
Critically evaluate the various resources of the oceans which can be harnessed to meet the resource crisis in the world.
How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resource rich Africa?
Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three Mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious probelm in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so?
The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the limits of econological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate.
“The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides. “Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation.
How does the Juno Mission of NASA help to understand the origin and evolution of the Earth? (150 words)
How does the cryosphere affect global climate? (150 words)
Account for variations in oceanic salinity and discuss its multi-dimensional effects. (250 words)
“The growth of cities as I.T. hubs has opened up new avenues of employment, but has also created new problems”. Substantiate this statement with examples (250 words)
Why is Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) needed? How does it help in navigation? (10 )
Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics. (10)
Defining blue revolution, explain the problems and strategies for pisciculture development in India. (15)
Mention core strategies for the transformation of aspirational districts in India and explain the nature of convergence, collaboration and competition for its success. (15)
Discuss the causes of depletion of mangroves and explain their importance in maintaining coastal ecology.（150字10标记）
Can the strategy of regional resource-based manufacturing help in promoting employment in India?（150字10标记）