部分 - A ::

1.应答在每个大约150字以下的问题:10×5 = 50

(a) What are the implications of the post-structuralism perspective on the discrete aspects of Public Administrations, coming from its epistemological positions?
(b)中的“Adaptive,解决问题的,多样化的专家,通过在有机熔剂协调主管连接在一起的暂时的系统 - 这是原始形式,将逐渐取代官僚主义”。讨论,在这份声明中,“官僚主义的终结”论文,其优势和局限性的光。
(三)“官僚主义的卡尔·马克思的解释植根于国家的自然历史。”评估。
(d)“行政和宪法法律概念之间的分工是非常多孔,并沿许多方面,行政法也算是性格比宪法更符合宪法的。”你将如何证明说法?
(e)是彼得·德鲁克在说:“管理原则,不应该告诉我们要做什么,而只是告诉我们,什么不该做”正当的吗?评论。

问:2。(一)“治理理论与治理性的概念有所收敛的很多分,但他们对平行线运行。”评论。20
(二)“泰勒的想法需要修改在当今时代后工业经济的背景下。”并说明理由自圆其说。15
(三)如何组织设计处理从子单元中心性和不可替代性出现问题的战略事项理论?15

问:3。(一)根据麦格雷戈,“真正的专业人士的帮助是不与客户扮演上帝,但在将专业知识和技能,在客户的处置”。在上述情况,证明Y理论是如何指示,而不是指令性的。20
(b) “The notion of informal organization is a residual of cafeteria concept of diverse and sprawling contents.” How does Gouldner establish the need for understanding the interdigitations between the ‘formal’ and ‘informal’ organization? 15
(c) “The Right of Informal of not all about citizens’ empowerment, it essentially redefines the concept of accountability.” Discuss. 15

问:4。(一)“新公共管理和后新公共管理改革的举措已经影响到管理,政治,行政,法律,专业和社会责任之间的平衡。”分析。20
(b) “Delegation to independent agencies has taken place in an interdependent process driven by emulation.” Discuss in the context of independent regulatory agencies in the modern regulatory State. 15
(c) “Voluntary organizations have become tools of sensitization of governmental agencies.” Comment. 15

::部分 - B ::

5.回答在各约150个字以下问题:10×5 = 50

(a) Critically examine the Riggsian concept of differentiation in the context of post-globalization era.
(二)“一词发展局只能用于在广义上,以纪念各种观点的方法和要点。”讨论。
(c) “The bottom line for governance is outcomes rather than the outputs of government.” Analyze in the context of e-government and e-governance.
(d) “Policies determine politics as governments constrain.” Attempt a critique of this statement.
(e) “Instead of reforms to budgetary process, Wildavsky process to redefine the role of political institutional and rules by which politics leads to agreement on budget.” Explain.

Q.6.(一)“我们称之为东西绩效审计手段,我们意味着显着的特征,可以从其它的查询方式相区别的事实。”参照主要措施或性能测量指标讨论。20
(二)“输出的研究方法的公共政策分析过应力合理的技术和公共政策的资源配置层面。”分析语句。15
(c) “The field of MIS is not necessarily and extension of computer science, but of management of organization theory.” Elucidate. 15

Q.7。(a) “The technical and multidisciplinary nature of e-government has created an interdependent relationship within government between policymakers, programme administrators and technical specialists.” Analyze in the context of generalist-specialist relationship. 20
(二)“自助团体不仅赋予妇女权利,同时也带来了对妇女发展的所有利益相关者态度的转变。”讨论。15
(三)“许多亚洲和非洲国家继承的公务员制度殖民思想的特权阶层。因此,公务员的社会地位是官僚的不适应性变革的一个重要方面。”评论。15

问:8。(a) Identify the main elements of Program Budgeting, Output Budgeting and ‘New’ Performance Budgeting. What do they have in common with PPBS? 20
(b) According to Y. Door, “The Science of Muddling through is essentially a reinforcement of pro-inertia and anti-innovation ideas in policy-making”. Comment. 15
(三)“管理的是英国的哲学是基于与伦理管理的科学的统一。”分析。15