Demand of the questionIntroduction.什么是战略撤资?身体。Need and importance of investment in India.结论。Way forward.


Need of Disinvestment in India:

1.Fiscal health:政府面临的收入和资本收入出现巨大缺口。非债务资本收入以约卢比财政的目标的17.2%。1.2十万卢比。鉴于此,售股是为了协助政府缩小其扩大财政赤字。撤资将提供税收给政府,从而将改善财政状况。


3.低效PSU:Many PSUs are facing loss and are on verge of closure. While government presence may be necessary in strategic sectors such as defence or oil exploration, there is no need in areas like building ships or running container freight operations. Government presence in such non-strategic sectors distorts competitive dynamics for private players. It also results in consumers and taxpayers bearing the brunt of inefficient PSU operations.


Importance of strategic disinvestment:

1.Reduce fiscal burden:它将减少government's debt and fiscal deficit. Disinvestment would help in saving resources by spending less on PSUs which can be used by the government for welfare purposes.


  • Financing large-scale infrastructure development.
  • 在经济投资,鼓励消费。
  • 投资于健康和教育等社会项目。

3.更优质的产品和服务:It would bring more competition into various sectors, thus improving the quality of services. Consumers will get better products. It will further increase market profitability and hence companies’ profits pushing them to deliver more.


4。PSU的效率:Economic potential of entities will be better discovered in the hands of the strategic investors due to various factors like infusion of capital, technology up-gradation and efficient management practices. Further, there will be distribution loss and failure risks of PSUs to the private sector.


Way forward:


2.建立基础设施:Spending the sums raised from such strategic sales in long-term infrastructure assets can yield returns to the economy. Government can redirect these disinvestment proceeds into Infrastructure projects.

3.Regulation:The government should look into strengthening the regulatory framework that ensures efficient market conditions.

Divestment should not be seen as only a short-term fiscal measure. Instead, it should be part of a long term plan to improve the production of goods and services in India. The regulations should also ensure that the basic necessities of the consumers are met.