|问题的需求介绍。What is quasi-federalism?Body.印度是一个多么准司法的状态？Conclusion.前进的道路。|
Quasi federal nature of Indian Constitution:Article 1 of the Constitution of India states that ‘India that is Bharat shall be a union of states’. Indian model of federalism is called the quasi-federal system as it contains major features of both a federation and union.
|印度宪法的联邦特点||Unitary Features of the Indian Constitution|
|1。宪法至上：宪法是在印度土地的最高法律。一个联邦国家派生从宪法的存在。||1。Single Constitution:In India, there is only one Constitution. It is applicable to both the Union as a whole and the Stares. In a true federation, there are separate constitutions for the union and the States.|
|2。两院制立法：The main feature of federalism is a bicameral legislature. The Constitution of India also provides for a bicameral legislature i.e. Parliament with two houses of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.||2。Rajya Sabha does not represent the States equality:在一个真正的联邦，立法机关的上房子具有从构成单元或国家相等表示。但在联邦院，在国家没有平等的代表权。人口众多的国家在联邦院多名代表比人口较少的国家。|
|3。双政体政府：印度宪法的第7分安排中央政府与州政府之间的权力。它包含枚举管理，即的受试者中，三种立法名单。联盟，国家和并发立法列表。无论是政府有自己独立的权力和责任。||3。权力部门不等于：In a federation, power is divided equally between the two governments. But in India, the Central government has been given more powers and made stronger than the State governments.|
|4.成文宪法：The Indian Constitution is a written document containing 395 Articles and 12 schedules, and therefore, fulfils this basic requirement of a federal government. The Indian Constitution is the most elaborate Constitution of the world.||4.Existence of States depends on the Centre:In India, the existence of a State or a federal unit depends upon the authority of the Centre. The boundary of a State can be changed by created out of the existing States.|
|5.Rigid Constitution:印度宪法在很大程度上是刚性宪法。所有关于联盟国家关系的宪法规定只能由国家立法机关和联盟议会的联合行动进行修正。||5.Constitution is not strictly rigid:The Constitution of India can be amended by the Indian Parliament easily. On many subjects, the Parliament does not need the approval of the State legislatures to amend the Constitution. In a true federation, both the Union and the State legislatures take part in the amendment of the Constitution with respect to all matters.|
|6.Independent Judiciary:在印度，宪法规定了最高法院。印度最高法院可以宣布法律违宪，如果它违反宪法的任何规定。||6.统一司法：India has a unified or integrated judicial system. The High Courts which work in the States are under the Supreme Court of India.|
|7.Revenue Sharing:在联邦制国家的情况下，存在的中心和国家之间分享收入的制度。在印度，有双GST系统通过立法，财政联邦制的宪法要求所采用的原则。||7.Proclamation of emergency:The Constitution of India has given emergency powers to the President. When an emergency is declared, the Union or Central governments become all powerful and the State governments come under the total control of it. The State governments lose their autonomy.|
Thus, on a careful analysis of the federal and unitary features of the constitution, it is evident that with every federal feature, there is an ultimate centralising force which is existing. Therefore, it would not be wrong to conclude that the Constitution of India is federal in structure and unitary in spirit i.e. it is quasi- federal in nature.