这last week before the Mains is particularly jittery – if you are writing yourfirstMains.
一种nd if it is your third Mains or more, and you have set in “this too shall pass” as your philosophy, it may be feeling better or worse depending on your心态。
Here are some suggestions to deal with the last days before the exam.
建议我希望people had before they learn it on their own.
This article was being written almost a month ago. With a lot of fresh ideas.
但a personal tragedy set me back and here we are – with a completely revised article –onlywith what is most important at this point.
一种nd that isanswer writing.
I also suggest a framework for ensuring a good value added answer.
一种gain, since this is the last week, the goal of the article is not to tell you toknow more– but to make the most of what you已经know.
一种nd making the best use of what wehave那is an arttoo- 即使它被低估了一个。
Not每个人有能力或者幸运的enough to realize their full potential.
People often complain of the noise when opportunity knocks at their door.
So before we begin with this long read, always remember two基本的tenets of answer writing in the Mains examination.
One, you must begin to address the question as early as possible. The examiner is looking for the answer and the earlier you give it to him, the better you score.
两个，当面对缺乏时间的时间 - 在10分钟内像5个问题 - 重要的是对问题的直接回答。没有别的，没有介绍，没有结论。只是答案。
If you are goo enough to clear Prelims, you are good enough to clear Mains too.
主电源做notrequire you to know more尽可能多as it does to阐明你已经是什么know。
Remember that subjective questions enjoy a degree of “subjectivity” in the marking pattern nomatterwhat ( despite the best efforts of UPSC as well as coaching institutes to make it as客观的as possible ).
So whatever you write is正确的。Or equallywrong。一种nd the goal is to be “more” correct or “less” wrong than others.
So拥抱what youknow。Use it as a weapon.
一种ll the examiner knows about you is through the answers you write for him/ her. And if you do a good job at that, the examiner is bound to award you marks.
Here is an argument.
I used to meet people nearing the end of their preparation usually.
然而，今年，我们很幸运能见面更年轻people – the ones in early 20s with a head full of hair ( and the enthusiasm to study even after the Mains is over ).
( This year, we had a lot of first attempters, 21-year-olds types, clearing the Civils Examination in one go. These folks secured ranks 21, 28 and 51 in CSE 2019. Picture from happier times. )
( I expect forum members to build upon this, and in three years from now, we should see many such frameworks come up in blog articles).
Here it goes.
＃1 b =基础知识
Go back to the basics.
Look, answer writing is a test intrust building。
这firstrule of answer writing is that from the very first line, the examiner is trying to ascertain whether youknow答案与否。
他找到你的那一刻解决the question, he judges you as someone who knows vssomeone who does not know.
So the first rule says that you address the question from thevery第一行。
一种good way to begin an answer is to get背部基础知识。例如，如果您对侵害妇女的罪行有问题，那就完全正确
Begin by saying ( yes! ) in simple words what you understand by “crimes against women” even if you think it is “super obvious”,”who does not know” and what not.
一种美好的way to sum it up maybe. “Crime against women refers to violent or adverse offences against women that is committed because of the virtue of the female “gender” of the victim.
In this one line, we are able to sum up what we mean in totality by crimes against women. Crime against women arenot所有针对妇女的罪行。但onlythose, which a victim has to be face because of hergender。Because she is awoman。
一种second line could again simplify the concept and establish your understanding by simply stating that they refer to female infanticide and foeticide at birth, sexual harassment outside schools, colleges and at workplace, domestic violence, dowry crimes.. and so on…
Sometime in 2016-2017 I made a case for having a definitional approach to answer writing. It was a popular video back then. The video got deleted somehow because of storage issues.
但I guess it was quite popular on the forum. This is because many forum folks that year cleared the exam with very good ranks.
In fact, Anudeep, Sachin and Abhishek secured Ranks 1, 3, 10 and have documented it very well in their blogshere那here和here。
＃2 a =文章
Use Articles of the Constitution / UN Conventions / SDGs liberally in your answers. Old school as it may sound, many people “think that they will do it in the exam” but not many people actually do it.
So take a look at the DPSPs, Preamble and Fundamental Duties and make sure that you use them in your answers. They also serve as a fair介绍line in your answer. They even serve well in the conclusion part.
In fact thesecond moderator为了清除Odisha的旧出版社社区（现在作为警察的主管），能够清除考试（根据亚搏体育电竞他），因为他最大化了他所知道的任何东西。
一种nd since he knew less, because of an attempt straight out of college, he banked on the articles a lot for his introduction, conclusion and arguments.
So if you have a question on corporate ownership of banks, feel free to write that Article 39(b) and (c) mandate the state to work towards prevention of concentration of wealth in the hands of few…
一种nd feel free to conclude by saying ( or suggesting ) that
are enshrined as a Constitutional Value in the Preamble / Fundamental Duties
# 3 K =柯ywords
大约十年前，当我们的一群人曾经与小型研究一起组装，但是有很多战略来获得面试呼叫 - 我们所做的 - 当我在2012年创建了Formias时，一个关键方面是关注关键词。亚搏体育电竞
For example if there is a question on fake news, feel free to add some关键词such as problem of “infodemic” ( information-pandemic ), post truth society / world etc. Also think along lines of allied concepts such as social media ( as a spreader of fake news ) etc.
Or for example, when we write about the farm bills, we can say that marks a shift in policy from赤字管理to盈余管理。或者它旨在将农民从生产者转换为制片人 - 交易者。You may choose to underline or box these keywords in your answer.
＃4 e =示例和开明的想法
要添加到您的答案，请沿线思考examples( even popular ones will do! – yes even the ones you just read, not from UPSC perspective, but just like that, from social media or whatsapp university ( such as the suicide of a celebrity OR the nomination of a former CJI to the Rajya Sabha or the story of the brave girl Jyoti who rode her father on a bicycle from Gurugram to Jharkhand during the lockdown).
或者想到一些E =开明的想法。如Amartya Sen.或Gandhi或Marx。
In fact Gandhi and Marx are two thinkers whose breadth of philosophy touches almost all walks of Human life even in 21st Century.
Feel free to quote Gandhi and / or Marx , as even The Hindu ( the newspaper, not the religious belif system ) Columnists also do the same.
( This part is more relevant for the essay than the GS paper )
#5 S= Schematics
这one thing that I tell people when they reach a plateau in scoring marks – and we have a bunch of such folks who are like stuck in a certain rank or a service for like 2- 3 years – is this.
几年后，我为主电源写了一篇文章，要求通过原理图来表示想法。一个非常受欢迎的成员，然后 - Mangodolly Ping我询问了一个例子。
我认为,我们可以简单的图表/流charts / diagrams like showing a correlation between poverty and malnutrition as having two circles with arrows in a cycle, and the link between poverty and malnutrition marked with “affodability issues” and the arrow between malnutrition and poverty as “poor physical and mental development.”
(概念上的一个问题是,男人go dolly did come to see me in my small basemen office just for thanks sake, before he joined the Indian Foreign Service. )
一种nd last year,基于这篇对象文章的贫困与营养之间存在的问题出现了分歧。So those are kinda favourite topics of UPSC )
一种t Forum, I am lucky to be surrounded by people who always question existing ideas and propose new ideas. A few years back when we got a copy full of schematics, we had to take a call – will this candidate be penalised or rewarded by UPSC?
We took a call that the candidate was able to express her ideas quite well, and let us not stop her from doing the schematics the way she is doing it.
一种nd anyway, she had a trouble completing the paper if she did not write the way she did.
She ended up with a good score andyou can check out this Quora Anwer to see what I mean。一种lso, please do read the comments for better clarity.
( Please do not blindly copy a strategy, a mind has to be applied to what works, what may work, and what may not work. A second opinion from an expert or well wisher is always helpful. )
一种nd when you make one, make sure that you put it in a box.
一个盒子具有心理优势，即使您的原理图不是so相关 - 有时可能发生 - 它可以看出答案的一部分以及除其中。
I can say this because about two years ago, when leomessi from IRS secured Rank 1 and a place in IAS, he sent a lot of his batchmates to Forum. I remember one of the folks who had gotten ranks twice under 150, but could not get IAS, reach out for help.
(Hyderbad has been kind to us. All three years the topper from the State – Anudeep in CSE 2017, Varun in CSE 2018 and Dhatri in CSE 2019 have been very ardent forum folks.)
So no matter what you think, your biggest challenge on D Day will be completing the paper. Not reading / revision etc.
这re is a second thing you need to know about completing the paper. Some of us manage the time well when there is a difficult paper.
Yes, you read that right. Two years back I had a student whom the whole forum team knew will NOT do well if the paper is easy because she will end up writing so much that she will end up not completing the paper.
Thankfully, the paper was difficult and she did manage a good rank and a cadre of her choice.
So be mindful that if you know the questions – and paper seems somewhat easy – do not be the kid who ends up writing only 3 or 4 questions in the first hour. This happens to a lot of people.
Do not evaluate your performance before the exam ends.
Do not be your own judge. Least of all, not before the exam ends. GS Paper 1 is usually factual in some parts – geography and Art and culture in particular, tricky and often unnerving.
Do not judge yourself or your performance by the performance of GS Paper 1. That is just 250 marks out of the full 1750 marks that you have for Mains.
一种void telling yourself what Mr Ramadheer, a fictional character – in fact – an honourable member of Parliament – tells his son before the exam, in case of a tough paper.
( Let me assure you that you have more reasons to worry as far as marking is concerned when the paper is easy than you have to worry when paper is tough )
Trust me you, the energy and positivity with which you write the paper makes a difference of at least 5-7% on your score. And that is a big enough gap as far as the Civils exam is concerned.
一种nd his feelings had nothing to do with his preparation status, which I have reasons to believe is better than most people he knows.
反而I am going to ask you torecogniseyour emotions as your moods.
With the life of awave。
Its okay to note that “today you have a bad mood” or “you are happy today.”
情绪会出现并去。以及它 - 有时 - 宝贵的时间被浪费了。
经常在这些不眠之夜，我们有这种深刻的实现，我们不是有人的人精神经验，我们是精神beingshaving ahuman experience。
Do not be emotional before / in the exam. We are here to do ajob。That alone is important.
Nothing else matters.
Compulsory Language Paper is tricky
Compulsory Language Paper is简单的， 但是你必须至少练习写印度（或任何您尝试的语言）至少one day在考试之前。
Its very frustrating for a Hindi Prof to check a paper that has many spelling mistakes.
Good people from Patna and Allahabad with Hindi as their first language flunk the compulsory language paper, just like good people with B.Tech degrees screw(ed) up the CSAT Paper.
So be mindful of this, and plan for writing at least 1-2 pages of the language before attempting it in the actual examination.
By all means, study. Or at least stay focussed. Here is why.
I have had philosophy as an Optional. I also scored the lifetime highest marks of 201/300 that year in my first attempt by doing a lot of creative writing and quoting tales from Will Durant’s Story of Philosophy.
我也制作了this dude read that book在他的主电源之后，他通过Formaias社区前来提供了可选的建议。亚搏体育电竞
我也面临着典型的面试问题“what does Gita mean, what do you learn from it.“
一种nd I can tell you that it took me many years to realise its true meaning.
“No, Partha”那says Krishna
“这n shall I fight for defeat?”
“这n why shall I fight? What should I fight for?”asks an agitated Arjuna.
“For Dharma. Fight because its your duty to fight.” replies Krishna.
所以，如果你有疑问，并且不觉得无论是什么原因 - 因为过剩的欢乐或悲伤，回到你的书籍，测试论文，课堂视频并做到这一点 -not to clear the exam- 但这样做是因为这就是我们应该做的事情。
Until next time,