事实上:-News Articles For UPSC Prelims | Jan 21,2021

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2nd edition of India Innovation Index-2020

Why in News?

NITI Aayog以及竞争力研究所发布了印度创新指数-2020的第二版。

事实:

  • India Innovation Index:该指数的第一版于2019年10月推出。
  • The索引旨在提供一种有效的工具来跟踪两者的创新状态the国家和国家级。
  • Objectives:The index intends to accomplish the following three functions:
    • 跑k allSUnionT基于他们的索引分数的错误
    • Identifyinnovation related机会和挑战对于各国
    • 辅助M.odifying governmental policies to foster innovation.
  • Parameters:The指数通过“推动者”和创新产出为“性能”来衡量创新投入。
    • Enablers:There areFive Enabler pillars that capture elements of the state economy. They act as inpuTS为创新环境。它们是:人力资本,投资,知识工作者,商业环境,安全和法律环境。
    • Performance:描绘性能的两个性能支柱是:知识输出和知识扩散。
  • 王:该指数已分类为SUnionT意识到三类:主要州;网站和山区;和ut和城市状态。这些地区基于该地区分类,因为跨州的空间均匀性使得a公平比较for innovative capacity.

Key创新指数的调查结果:

  • 竞争力水平:该指数发现竞争程度之间的竞争程度SUnionT错误是高的这个competitivenessis essential for improving上their enabling factors as well asinnovation performance.
  • 主要国家:卡纳塔克邦继续占据最高职位,然后占据马哈拉施特拉,泰米尔纳德邦,Telangana,喀拉拉邦,哈里亚纳邦,安得拉邦,古吉拉特邦,北方邦和旁遮普邦。
  • UT and CityStates:德里留下了在此类别中的第一个等级,然后是Chandigarh。
  • 东北/山山国家类别:Himachal Pradesh在这个类别中占据了这一类的索引,然后是Uttarakhand。

指数的意义:

  • The index is a major step towards measuring innovation outcomes of states它将facilitate国家和国家机制的最佳利用实现'atma的目标NirbharBharat'。
  • 该指数可以帮助中部和S泰特政府基准区域绩效关于innovation建议spolicy决定需要改善关于优势overcome the weak areas of the states

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国家启动咨询委员会

Why in News?

印度政府已提名28非官方MEMB在国家启动咨询委员会上。

关于国家启动咨询委员会:

  • 国家启动咨询委员会:它was constituted by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) in January,2020.
  • Objective:这个is to建议政府对所需的措施ILD A强startup生态系统。The ecosystem will培育该国的创新与初创公司它将推动可持续的经济增长,产生大规模的就业机会。
  • Composition:
    • Chairman:商业与工业部长。
    • Convener of the Council:Joint Secretary, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade.
    • Ex-officio Members:有关部门/部门的被提名人/Organizations不低于联合秘书的等级。
    • 非官方成员to be nominated by the Government from各类类别
  • Founders of successful startups
  • Veterans who have grown and scaled companies in India
  • P能够将投资者的利益代表到初创公司等。
  • 非官方成员的期限将是两年的y耳朵或直到进一步的订单,以较早者为准。

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Indian star tortoises

Why in News:

Indian star tortoises have been seized by the Forest officials while being smuggled from Andhra Pradesh to Odisha.

事实:

iucn

来源:IUCN.

  • 印度星龟(Geocheloneelegans):它是在干燥区域发现的乌龟和磨砂林sIndia, P阿克斯坦和斯里兰卡。它is accustomed to monsoon seasons.
  • 这些tortoises are easily recognizable by their star-patterned shells.
  • IUCN Status:脆弱
  • 野生寿命保护法1972年:Schedule IV
  • CITES:附录一
  • Threats:它是最具没收的淡水乌龟种类世界。它faces threats such as loss of habitat to agriculture and illegal harvesting for the pet trade.

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DPIIT launches regulatory compliance portal

Why in News?

促进行业和内部贸易部(DPIIT)推出了一个PORTAL称为“法规遵守门户”。

关于法规遵守门户:

  • Objective:门户是旨在最大限度地减少企业和公民的监管负担。为此,我t作为公民,行业和政府之间的桥梁将also act as a first-of-its-kind central online repository of all Central and State-level compliances.
  • 主要特征:
    • All Central MinistrieS和状态/ UTS将合理化并简化IR.regulatory流程并删除繁琐均匀
    • All such changes将被捕获updated上the Regulatory Compliance Portal.
    • Industry stakeholders would also be able to submit compliances and proposed建议。这个将通过涉及的政府管理局进行评估,并将进行合适的行动,以尽量减少r自我遵守的负担。
  • 节点部门:DPIIT will act as the nodal department for coordinating the exercise of minimizing regulatory compliance burden for citizens and businesses.

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SC指定了中央授权委员会(CEC)关于沙坑的报告拉贾斯坦邦

Why in News?

SC has appointed aCentral Empowered Committee(CEC)to look into sand mining in Rajasthan。小组hassubmitted its report

事实:

  • 背景:二月里2020, Central Empowered Committee(CEC)was appointed by SC. Its mandate wasto look into illegal sand mining in Rajasthan and submit a report suggesting measures to deal with it.

What are the recommendations given by the committee?

  • 它has recommended imposing a fine of Rs 10 lakh per vehicle and Rs 5 lakh per cubic meter of sand seized.
  • 有没有说没有unregisteredtractorshould使用作为商用车to运输s和from the mining网站到过境仓库。
  • 它也推荐了
    • Termination of all thekhatedarileases located within 5 km from the riverbank,where violations are detected
    • The s超额皇室收集合同制度的牵引。

添加事实:

  • Sand Mining:这是一项关于从包括河流,溪流和湖泊的前院实际去除沙子的过程的活动。
  • 沙坑调节:
    • Sand is a minor mineral, as defined under section 3 of the Mines and Mi1957年(MMDR法案)的行程(发展和监管)法案。
    • Section 15 of the MMDR Act empowers state governments to make rules for regulating the grant of mineral concessions in respect of minor minerals and for purposes connected therewith.
    • Section 23C of the Act empowers state governments to frame rules to prevent illegal mining, transportation and storage of minerals and for purposes connected therewith.
    • The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has issued Sustainable Sand MininG管理指南,2016年互外的,解决了与沙坑调节有关的问题。

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