一个指南[引文+通过IRS官一部分修改技术(4倍[引文清除)

We never met @mitochondria or spoke to him until we had to address a query on changing Optional to Anthropology from a particular ForumIAS Member.

For those of you who are new to the forum – @mitochondria ( screen name on the forum ) , aka Vikas Jakhar, was very instrumental in guiding others preparing for Civils in the early days of the Forum – before there was an explosion of free stuff on the Internet and there still existed的自助文化.

We spoke to him last week, and asked him if he could write a Guide on Preparing for Prelims Examination. He obliged us.

Given that he cleared Prelims4次,具有很好的保证金,再加上他总是在预赛在那些日子里得分也不错,我们问他识别特定原则需要遵循.

So before you read, We ask you to keep two things in mind.

  1. 现在不改变你的源代码。你现在一定冻结你的源代码。
  2. 了解信息的要点,而不仅仅是字面的意思。每个人都有自己开裂预赛的方式。您可以专注于获得一些重要的规则出于此。

We got to know each other’s real names sometime back, and here is his piece.

A bit of introduction first

大家好,

I though of sharing a few ideas with you for those of you appearing for the Prelims. Given the uncertainty brought in all walks of life, thanks to Covid 19, I think we are going to have a little more time to prepare for Prelims this year.

Let us begin with trying to understand Prelims exam. So prelims is an Objective type exam where you need to choose correct option out of the given answers. You gain marks for correct answer and loose some marks (one-third negative marking) for wrong answers. Firstly let us seehowdoes preparation for Prelims exam differs from Mains exam.

电源is a test of yourthought-process和maturity of your expression along with test of your knowledge. Prelims on the other hand is a test of yourknowledge and common sense. Knowledge you gain by reading the standard text books and common sense of solving questions you gain by practicing test papers.

My prelims strategy and booklist

因此,让我们开始与如何去的syllabusof Prelims exam. So here I am listing thebasic booksrequired to cover the syllabus of Prelims subject-wise. ( You may follow what you have been following till now, and need not change your source. You can, however, adopt some of the strategies and basic rules put up here )

学科 来源其次
政体 Laxmikant
古代历史

R S Sharma NCERT textbook
中世纪史

Satish Chandra NCERT textbook
Modern History

Spectrum Modern History and Bipin Chandra “India’s struggle for Independence”
Geography

11th and 12th class NCERT
环境

尚卡尔IAS书
艺术与文化

Nitin Singhania or S Baliyan
Science and Tech

Current affairs and 6th to 10th NCERT

Economy Economic Survey /Sriram IAS notes / Economy book by TMH

So two important things to remember regarding study material:

Firstly don’t get confused by different people/toppers suggesting different books. To clear Prelims, you need around 55–60% marks. So different people have different approach on how to get those 60%. So choose one source and stick to it, no matter what.

不要被5个不同的教练院所囤积和收集研究材料。它不会让你明智的,它只会混淆你。而且,即使你学的东西多了一个不同的来源,分析的额外知识成本效益的方案。

对于一些小“边缘”过别人,你花你的时间这么多,时间成本太高,因为你还需要修改的一切。

此外,当你开始准备,你慢慢来,你去通过精亚搏体育电竞心每个概念,但要记住,你需要计划你的学习的方式,不仅你完成教学大纲以及在时间,而且还给出了至少five revisionsto everything you have studied.

You can give so many revisions only if you plan well and you limit your sources to a few standard and comprehensive books.

第二ly don’t be a book collector if you want to be a District collector. As I have clarified above thatkey to crack Prelims is multiple revisions.

多个版本都是可能的,只有当你限制你的来源.As you can see in the sources mentioned by me, I have only suggested one or two sources for a subject. Hence you should avoid buying multiple books on one subject.

如何办理教学大纲,一步一步的指导

So you have got your books, now let us start studying them. So we have to plan multiple revisions for everything we study. Here is my plan of 5 revisions:

初读: Understanding and Sieving

第二reading:记忆

Third reading:准亚搏体育电竞备给人一种模拟试验前

第四阅读: Revision in month prior to the Prelims exam

Fifth reading: Revision a day before the Prelims exam

我们知道之前各让我们明白为什么有这么多的修改是必要的。你需要realise即[引文的教学大纲是堆积如山。

还有,我们需要在我们的脑海中只存储了太多信息,但我们的心有一个有限的存储容量。无论你将学习,你会在15-20天,短短忘记。

为了保持记忆,我们需要一次又一次地刷新它,以至于它成为明显的给我们。



Appreciate this forgetting curve above. Without 5 revisions whatever you study is as good as not studying at all. With each revision your retention time as well as retention quality improves. I have heard many people complain that I studied everything but forgot in exam. They think that you need to be a bright student to remember so much information, however the key to retention is multiple revisions.

So let us begin with stages of reading.

#1首先阅读:理解和筛分

当你做一读重点把握的概念。例如,在您的季风一读明白热带辐合运动的科学性和逻辑。不要被事实和像你这样的信息被人打扰不需要召回季风到达的日期,但应该理解这个概念。一旦你了解的东西,那么你的心是能够保持它一段较长的时间。

第二ly你应该专注于筛分。你知道你的母亲就用筛子从厨房里的面粉分离过程中的粮食。

你要在这里做同样的事情。你要的重要组成部分,从非重要的部分分开。这可以通过多种方式来完成像做笔记,并强调,侧缘笔记等

Now i think we need to understand why Sieving is important. As I have mentioned earlier that we need to do five revisions.

你需要让你的时间修正每个读数下降到规划它的方式。假设你需要15天,一读完成Laxmikant,然后你去7天二读,3天三读,每日1次在四读和5次读取几个小时。

只有当每个读你去通过筛选出重要的部分了非重要组成部分,以减少你的努力,这是可能的。请记住,在考试的前一天,你必须修改整个教学大纲,这是可能的,只有你筛出的早些时候重要组成部分。

Having established the importance of sieving let us try to understand the如何做到这一点. Most popular way is to make notes.

Notes can be digital or manual according to your comfort but I personally prefer digital notes on Evernote due to ease of their management. Question arises when and how to make notes?

你要明白,笔记应包含这样的结构方式,他们应该减轻你的修订工作的信息。不过需要注意的制定是一个耗时的过程。

所以,你应该为仅那些在签制作花费时间的成本是便于修订的利益压倒书籍或学习材料笔记。就拿对政体这已经被写入与标题,副标题和要点笔记形式,例如一本书像Laxmikant。

努力记Laxmikant的拍出来不会给你太多的输出,最好是只作侧缘笔记或突显出这本书本身。在另一方面,你可以使一本书像比拼钱德拉现代印度已经写成散文的形式,并没有真正针对UPSC有志笔记了。

筛分的另一种方式是强调或突出显示。我个人用五彩荧光笔风扇。

I use a system of three colors highlighting system- Yellow for anything which is worth reading again ( approx 50% of the text), green for key words ( approx 10% of the text) and red for important names and terms. Here are excerpts of Economic Survey 2020 as highlighted by me:




This I did in my first reading. So next time I will revise, I will only read the highlighted part which reduces my effort by 50%.

In myfourth要么fifth revisionsI only read the green and red highlights which are the key terms so that I am able to complete my revision in a few hours for a book which initial took me a week to complete. This type of structured underlining help in quick revisions without hassles.

#2二读:记忆

第二reading should ideally be done in 15–20 days of the first reading. You have understood the concepts in first reading, now it is time to memorize it. For this cram all the important definitions, diagrams, data, examples etc.

当有太多的信息difficult to memorize, so use mnemonics techniques.助记符is a study of way we memorize information.

Technique of mnemonics invovle using缩略词like what is the order of arrival of Westerners in India in post-mauryan period- GSPK – Greek, Scythians, Parthians and Kushanas.

其他技术是用句子莱克阀门e I say sitting behind a table ( मेज़ – Maize) makes people lazy ( अकर्म – AKARM). So Maize grows in A – Andhra Pradesh, KA- Karnataka, R – Rajasthan and M – Madhya Pradesh. By using such techniques you can remember large pieces of Information.

#3 Third reading

通过两个读数已经走了,你应该准备给一个主题明智的模拟测试。二读后你能记住的重要概念。在三读你应该专注于那些仍然疲软你的领域。本次修订后给模拟测试。

模拟测试不应该给只是为了测试你的知识,而且还要添加更多的知识。由于预赛的开放式课程的性质,不可能通过教科书覆盖话题的方方面面。

Here, mock test come into the picture. The questions you are not able to attempt in mock tests should be studied carefully and the answers should be understood and memorized.

Similarly some concepts become clear when you give wrong answers in tests since wrong answers get imprinted in your mind and you don’t commit same mistake again.

Therefore it is important that you carefully study those questions which you do wrong or those you could not answer. Revise these question papers again in the month before the Prelims exam .

也同时解决了模拟测试,开发使用方法的理解eliminationodd-one-outin solving objective question papers.

#4 Fourth reading

Month prior to Prelims exam should be solely reserved for revision. Revise all the study material as well as mock tests in these 30 days.

#5 Fifth reading

This is just the last brushing up of important terms. By this reading you already remember all the concepts and facts. You just need to glance at the important terms a day before the exam. This will give you confidence on day of the exam.

请记住,[引文考试需要知识的广度,同时电源考试需要知识的深度。这意味着,在预赛准备投你的网宽,试图离开亚搏体育电竞不遗余力。These days the question paper is highly unpredictable. This requires that you take特殊的预防措施在试图预赛纸。

如何尝试在d-日纸

Questions in the prelims paper can be divided in four categories.

First是在你知道有超过90%的把握的答案之一。第一次尝试了这些问题。

第二是你在哪里能够消除几个选项和两个选项之间都搞不清楚的问题。保留这些问题的第二优先级。一旦你完成了第一类的问题做了,你把一些思想到这些问题并标记似乎更可能给你答案。

Thirdare the questions where you know about the issue but options are difficult. In such questions you should bite the bullet where you are even 50% sure of a particular option.

Reason being that since negative marking is only 33.3% hence statistically it benefits you even if you are correct 50% times. These days .Any aspirants are attempting as high as 95% questions.

虽然我不支持盲目吸虫,但我还是建议尝试至少80-90%的问题,这样你仍然在比赛中切断。为了增加你尝试,你应该尝试采取了一些问题的风险。

Last类是的,这是完全陌生的,你的问题。你不必尝试这样的问题。

With respect to filling bubbles, my recommendation is that don’t fill bubbles since the beginning as you might want to change your options later in doubtful questions. It takes 10-15 minutes to fill bubbles of 100 questions. So you can start filling the bubbles in last half an hour of exam.

Keep a clock watch handy during exam and try to complete the questions of Category 1 and 2 in 1 hour 30 minutes. Devote 15 mins to bubble filling. In last 15 mins try to do the risky Category 3 questions.

I hope this post helped clearing your doubts regarding the preparation strategy for the prelims examination.

祝一切顺利。

维卡斯Jakhar是ForumIAS社区与用户名@mitocho亚搏体育电竞ndria成员。目前,他正在张贴助理处长所得税,新德里。

ForumIAS presents mistakes Not to Make in Prelims 2020 + Some Best Practices点击观看→
Worried about covering current affairs efficiently ? Note making taking a lot of time ? Read about approach for Current Affairs for Prelims 2020 + Classes by亚搏体育电竞可在网上。Click here for details.

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